Word Of The Day: Radical

کلمه رادیکال از نظر بسیاری از مراجع مربوط به سطح B2 یا C1 است اما چون وارد زبان فارسی هم شده، این کلمه را زیاد می‌شنویم.

تعریف کمبریج برای این کلمه این است:

A radical change is very big and important.

برای مثال radical reform که در سکانس زیر (از فیلم walkout) می‌شنویم به معنی اصلاحات چشمگیر و مهم است.

Radical reform doesn’t happen overnight.

The changes he made were both radical and popular.

Radical. And popular.

Have you ever wondered if tourism can bring radical changes in an area?

در داستان زیر، این کلمه را چندین بار می‌شنویم:

Radical Surgery Can Make You Taller

Dr. Kevin Debiparshad is cutting through healthy leg bones to make people taller. In Las Vegas, it costs over $100,000 for people who want to correct what they see as a personal flaw. The procedure uses metal braces to extend the bones.

Dr. Debiparshad compares it to butt implants and nose jobs. Experts argue that the radical surgery is frivolous. Some people believe that the extra height increases confidence, while others say that it is just for dating or to get a higher salary.

نسخه ساده شده متن بالا

Dr. Kevin Debiparshad is making people’s legs longer by cutting their bones. In Las Vegas, it costs over $100,000 for this surgery. People do this because they want to feel better about how they look. The surgery uses metal braces to make the bones longer. Dr. Debiparshad says it is like getting butt implants or nose jobs. Some experts think this surgery is not needed. Some people think being taller makes them more confident. Others think people do it to help with dating or to get a better salary.

نسخه مبتدی:

Dr. Kevin Debiparshad makes people taller by cutting their bones. This surgery costs a lot of money. People do it to look better. Metal braces make the bones longer. Dr. Debiparshad says it is like getting a new nose. Some experts say it is not needed. Some people think being taller feels good. Others think it helps with dating or getting more money.

Sample sentences

۱- She made a radical decision to quit her corporate job and start her own business.

۲- The new government proposed a radical change in the tax system.

۳- His radical views on politics made him unpopular among his peers.

بعد از خواندن داستان بالا، می‌توانید ویدئوی ده دقیقه ای زیر از اخبار بی بی سی را که در ارتباط با همین موضوع است ببینید:

Leg-lengthening: The people having surgery to be a bit taller – BBC News

متن ویدئوی بالا (کلیک کنید)

so i started off at 5’4 is when i got
the surgery done
and now i’m 5’7 there are potentially
devastating complications
it is kind of creepy you’re breaking
both of your femurs to where i did bro
both of my females to get this surgery
so i basically had just two sticks of
bone and a little
metal bar in between so your bones
effectively didn’t grow back together
yeah that’s exactly it yeah
we have to be very careful about what we
do and how it’s done
if it goes wrong it goes
catastrophically wrong it is
a wild thing that you’re doing but if
it’s going to make you happier in the
long run
then it’s worth it
[Music]
a lot of people would probably like to
be a few inches taller
from dating shows everyone told dark
enhancement to countless articles
linking size and success
being small is seen as a big
disadvantage and something you can’t do
much about
until now limb lengthening surgery is a
long
expensive and painful undertaking which
nonetheless
is growing in popularity including here
in the uk
costing anything up to an eye watering
۱۲۰ ۰۰۰ pounds
it claims to be able to help patients
grow by a staggering 13
centimeters taller it was pioneered by
this man
gavril elizorov a soviet doctor treating
injured soldiers returning from the
second world war
techniques have changed during the last
۷۰ years but many of the principles
remain the same
a hole is drilled into the leg bone
which is then literally broken in two
a metal rod is put inside and held in
place by a number of screws
it’s this rod which is lengthened a
little bit each day extending until the
patient reaches their desired height
and their bones are finally allowed to
heal back together
the surgery was once reserved for people
with a serious injury or deformity
but an increasing number of people are
having the procedure simply because they
just don’t like their height
it’s available in more than a dozen
countries from germany the us
russia serbia india south korea turkey
greece italy
and even here in the uk
as a five foot seven mountain of a man
myself i can understand why people might
be tempted by this kind of surgery
but taking such drastic measures for
just a few inches does feel a bit
extreme
not to mention the time the pain and the
sheer cost of the procedure
there’s also the very real risk of
serious complications
but some people are willing to take
those risks i want to meet these people
to find out what led them to getting the
surgery what their experiences have been
and how their lives have changed for
better or for worse
so i guess i started thinking about it a
little bit more
my senior year of high school and like
women generally don’t think
guys that are shorter than them so it’s
kind of
tough to be a guy and approach a girl
that’s taller than you it’s like
sometimes i would fester on not being
able to find
a wife or thinking that girls would just
like never look at me when we were out
in public
so how have you changed physically and
then
as a consequence how has your life
changed so i
started off at 5’4 is when i got the
surgery done
and now i’m 5’7 and i’m not the tallest
person in the room
but in terms of like perspective like i
still
definitely think about hype i just think
about it a lot
less and i don’t think about it as me
being
too short anymore obviously you were
really aware of the potential
consequences
and that they can be quite severe before
you got the surgery
were you scared for getting it or what
was your how are you feeling
i think you would be naive to say that
you weren’t scared it is kind of crazy
you’re breaking both of your femurs
to where i did bro both of my females to
get this surgery so it’s like
you kind of have to rationalize that it
is a wild thing that you’re doing
but if it’s going to make you happier in
the long run
then it’s worth it before i let sam go i
had a final question
it’s one thing having the surgery a
world leading hospital
but what about the people going to the
cheaper clinics popping up all over the
world
there are people that get these
surgeries done
by doctors who really don’t know what
they’re doing and like
that’s a scary thing you know it’s not
something that you can just
have done and not think about four
months six months after the surgery you
have to really
know what’s going on and still be in
contact with your doctor after that so
that you can get the full
benefits and rehabilitation that you
actually want to get out of the surgery
i can empathize completely with wanting
to do something about your height
but is it really worth putting your body
directly in harm’s way
according to my research more and more
people are deciding it is worth it
several clinics are performing leg
lengthening operations at five
times the rate they were just 10 years
ago and hundreds of people are having it
done
each year to find out more i’m on my way
to visit dr goodyear
a renowned orthopedic surgeon in london
dr goodyear specializes in lim
reconstruction for people with an injury
or deformity
but what i’m interested in is his
experience treating people with
complications
from leg lengthening procedures they’ve
had abroad
so people when faced with a choice of
going somewhere
i said it was reputable but somewhere
with very experienced limb deformity
all in reconstruction surgical expertise
versus getting it done
on the cheap i don’t think people are
necessarily made aware of all the things
that can go wrong
that often do go wrong while seeking out
a
limb lengthening department i have a
patient
who particularly sticks in my mind who
had significant lengthening of his
tibias
and ended up with rapid onset arthritis
others who spent months and months and
months doing the rehab and eventually
lost their jobs
their income stream and that fairly bad
enough so
it’s it’s it’s moderate to high-risk
surgery
but again the patients often consider
the the outcome and the rewards to be
worth
it i also wanted to know why he thinks
someone who’s otherwise physically
healthy
my top for such serious surgery most
people who i’ve come across who wanted
cosmetic lengthening
actually have quite often psychological
problems body dysmorphic disorders
and other problems where they have had
years of depression introspection about
their perceived
disability from their height so i think
we’re getting into the realms of
are we actually treating a body
dysmorphic disorder
or are we actually giving people a
lifestyle a choice so that boundary
between what’s a therapeutic
intervention for people with
body dysmorphic disorder who could be
helped by lengthening
versus people who want a lifestyle
choice to be a bit taller
is often a difficult and blurred
boundary
in order to get a sense of just how
serious a procedure it is
i wanted to speak with someone who had
met with complications
i got chatting to a british man who had
the surgery five years ago
growing from five six to five nine
barney’s situation is different
he had a condition which meant he
required surgery to straighten his legs
he then opted to have the leg
lengthening procedure at the same time
reassured that it could all be done
together and it wouldn’t affect his
recovery time
unfortunately he’s been dealing with
problems ever since
so can you describe what your
complications were yeah okay so
really my only complication was the fact
that
my bone separation was happening faster
than
my bone growth would happen so basically
my legs have been my bones have been
pulled apart
at quite a fast rate
but my bone growth wasn’t there so
therefore on the x-rays you could sort
of see it
sort of like you know the gap getting
bigger and bigger and bigger and
nothing so i basically had just two
sticks of bone and a little
metal bar in between hand so your bones
effectively didn’t grow back together
yeah that’s exactly it yeah
you go in and you’re left with the
belief that oh it’s only gonna be three
months out of my life and you cater for
that and so
you get so many people who book this
time
have a surgery get spat out the other
side
and when they go to china where they go
to japan
hong kong then it is it’s totally global
but their employer is like you’re not
fit you can’t come back
and that’s when like mortgage repayments
suddenly start collapse and they’re
unemployed
and not only are they unemployed they’re
unemployable yeah when things go wrong
then
you kind of do need a support network
fortunately i managed it i i i was
fortunate but
yeah it’s if it goes wrong it goes
catastrophically wrong well yeah would
you would you recommend it to someone
would you recommend it
that’s a difficult one would i recommend
it because right
the cost i’m financially is
whatever it is but everything else is
life changing and
there is an immense amount of pain
it’s like you’re entire every nerve in
your
legs are being stretched and so
therefore there are times when
you can’t escape anywhere in your head
from the pain
it is absolutely excruciating
i think if it was easy let’s face it
everyone wants to be taller
then it would be happening the fact that
it is very very
very rare is because it is so so
difficult
and then if you did your research and
found out how painful it is
um a lot of people are i don’t there be
so many people who
do it

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  1. The concept of “radical” can have different meanings depending on the context in which it is used. Here are some explanations:

    Mathematics:

    In mathematics, a radical is the symbol (√) used to indicate the square root or higher-order root of a number or expression. For example, √۹ = ۳, which is the square root of 9.
    Radicals are used to represent irrational numbers, such as √۲ or √۳, which cannot be expressed as simple fractions.
    Radical expressions involve the use of radicals, and operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be performed on them.
    Politics and Social Movements:

    In a political or social context, the term “radical” is used to describe ideas, movements, or individuals that advocate for fundamental or revolutionary change in the existing social, political, or economic systems.
    Radical movements or ideologies often challenge the status quo and push for significant, transformative changes, rather than incremental or gradual reforms.
    Examples of radical political movements include left-wing ideologies like communism, anarchism, and some forms of socialism, as well as right-wing ideologies like fascism.
    Radical Thinking or Approaches:

    In a broader sense, “radical” can refer to a way of thinking or approaching a problem that is unconventional, innovative, or deeply challenging to the established norms or beliefs.
    Radical thinking often involves questioning fundamental assumptions and exploring alternative perspectives or solutions that may be considered outside the mainstream.
    This type of radical approach can be applied in various fields, such as philosophy, science, art, or social change.
    Here are some links that provide more information about the concept of “radical”:

    سئوال از هوش مصنوعی و جواب

    1. The word “radical” can be used in different areas:

      ۱. Politics: It can mean big changes in how a country is run.
      ۲. Chemistry: It describes a molecule that is very reactive.
      ۳. Math: It refers to finding the root of a number.
      ۴. Plants: It describes the first root that grows from a seed.
      ۵. Language: It can show a big change in how we speak.
      ۶. Behavior: It talks about how our actions are influenced by the environment.
      ۷. Art: It can describe new and different types of art that challenge the usual ways.

  2. رایدکال هم به عنوان اسم مطرح شده هم به عنوان صفت
    مفاهیم بسیار متفاوت هم را می رساند که هم می تواند از جنبه سیاسی و اجتماعی مثبت باشد یا بسیار منفی
    شاید بسیار کم باشند لغاتی که این چنین معنا و مفاهیم متفاوتی را دارا هستند
    شما می توانید یک فرد باشید که به ( اصل و ریشه انسانی ) رادیکال بگویید
    یا می توانید به ( اصل و ریشه حیوانی ) رادیکال بگویید
    می توانید افراط گرا رادیکال باشید
    می توانید آزادی خواه انسان طرفدار تغییر اساسی و بنیادی باشید و خودتان را رادیکال بدانید
    اما جامعه فعلا بیشتر حالت افراطی را رایدکال می داند
    اما در علم بدون جنبه سیاسی هم رادیکال مفاهیم متغیری یافته
    بیشتر باید در جمله تعریف بشود و و تنها به صورت یک لغت تنها بسیار سخت است که بخواهیم درک درستی داشته باشیم
    اما شاید اگر با
    Root
    هم معنا بدانیم
    یا با
    rootless
    baseless
    درک جالب تری پیدا کنیم

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