I would prefer to pay by cash

فهمیدن این جمله برای ما در این مرحله ساده است:

I decided to change the plans.

Desert Saints (2002)

در چنین جملاتی، بعد از فعل، یک فعل همراه با to دیگر هم می‌آید:

VERB + ‘TO-‘ INFINITIVE

فعل دوم، یک مصدر یا infinitive محسوب می‌شود. در این ترم، افعال زیادی یاد خواهیم گرفت که می‌توانند در چنین جملاتی استفاده شوند.

it’s one of the reasons I decided to change class.

I’m going to buy pictures to hang on the wall, because my room seems to be very cold and very unfriendly.

یکی از افعالی که در ترم اول آن را یاد گرفتیم، prefer بود. یک فعل بسیار رایج برای ساختار بالا، این فعل است:


How can you judge? I prefer to go in jail.

Dreamers (2003)

در ترم قبل، چنین نمونه جملاتی را برای این فعل داشتیم:

Do you prefer hot or cold weather?

I prefer cats to dogs.

She prefers watching tennis to playing it.

برای بیان مودبانه یک درخواست، بهتر است از would prefer استفاده کنیم:

I would prefer to try a cigarette

Anna Karenina (2012)

I would prefer to pay by cash.

I would prefer to meet you at six o’clock instead of four, at the café in my hometown.

I’d prefer to go on holiday with my friends.

فعل رایج دیگری که در این ساختار قرار می‌گیرد، help است.

I wanted to help

Gone Girl (2014)

اگر صحبت از کمک کردن به کسی باشد، آن را به عنوان مفعول جمله می‌آوریم.

I wanted to help him

Blood (2014)

این کمک در چه موردی است؟ آن را هم می‌توانیم به کمک فعل با to اضافه کنیم:

We’ll have to reach out to River Tam… and help her to comeback to us.

Serenity (2015)

I wanted to help him to make some friends.

فعل بعد از help می‌تواند بدون To هم بیاید؛ بدون آنکه تغییری در معنی آن رخ دهد:

Help me choose some songs, freestyle some.

Lifted (2010)

بنابراین استفاده از To بعد از help، اختیاری است:

I wanted to help him to make some friends. He’s just like me.

I hope that it will help you to keep fit.

I hope my advice can help you choose where to go.

This house is terrible and I hope you can help me find something better.

استفاده از make و let در چنین جمله‌ای (یعنی بدون To) بسیار رایج است:

Let me know if it is suitable for you.

She makes me smile when I’m sad.

She always makes me laugh!

You are eighteen now, you can do what you want and they should let you do it.

I think you should talk with your parents and try to make them understand how you feel and what you prefer.

Maybe your parents are afraid of letting you go away by yourself, they still consider you their baby.

مفعول جمله می‌تواند قبل از مصدر یا فعل دوم بیاید:

You asked me to tell you about one of my friends.

با این ساختار، می‌توانیم درخواست یا دستور را نشان دهیم.

I would like you to come to a picnic on Saturday.

I would like you to come to my office on 16th of May to discuss the terms of the contract.

Your parents want you to go on holiday with them this summer.

You asked me to tell you about one of my friends.

به جای فعل با To، می‌توانیم از فعل با پسوند ing استفاده کنیم:

So, would you mind telling Mr and Mrs Thomas.
I would like to stay there a few years to finish studying and to have my own money to start thinking of traveling.

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  1. از کتاب Atomic habits:
    People can get ripped working out like a bodybuilder, but if you prefer rock climbing or cycling or rowing, then shape your exercise habit around your interests.
    یا
    If you want to read more, don’t be embarrassed if you prefer steamy romance novels over nonfiction.
    یا
    I believe the concepts in this book can help you fulfill your potential as well.
    یا
    Habits can help you achieve all of these things.
    یا
    Behaviors are attractive when they help us fit in.
    یا
    The second option is to simply remove the bend in the hose and let water flow through naturally.
    یا
    Professionals stick to the schedule; amateurs let life get in the way.
    یا
    Each group offers an opportunity to leverage the 2nd Law of Behavior Change and make our habits more attractive.
    یا
    You make a recipe from your favorite baker.

  2. For example:
    It’s one of the reasons I decided to pursue a career in writing.
    or
    I’m going to start exercising regularly, because I want to improve my overall health and fitness.
    or
    I’m going to take a language class, because I want to be able to communicate with people from other cultures.
    or
    I would prefer to take the stairs, because I want to avoid the crowded elevator.
    or
    I would prefer to read a book, because I’m tired of watching TV.
    or
    We have to prepare for the exam… and study hard to get a good grade.
    or
    I wanted to help her to find a new job.
    or
    I wanted to help them to plan their wedding.
    or
    My parents asked me to clean up my room.
    or
    The manager wanted the team to complete the project by the end of the month.
    or
    My parents wanted me to be home by 10 pm.
    or
    We would prefer to stay on this island for a few days to explore the beaches and go snorkeling.

  3. He offered to help me with my homework.
    I forgot to turn off the lights before leaving the house.
    Would you rather visit the mountains or the beach?
    She would prefer to study at home instead of going to the library.
    We wanted to help our neighbor to find their lost keys.

  4. I ask you to tell me about your decision.
    I’d like listening to classical music, it helps me relax.
    I would prefer to go a picnic with my family in the weekend.
    I’d prefer to watch the foreign movies instead the iranian ones.
    Let me tell you that why I don’t want to hang with her anymore.

  5. I would prefer to bake a cake.
    I will let you know if I change my mind.
    I wanted her to be more just in the argument among her children.
    Would you please help me do the dishes?
    He is the kind of dads who makes his children work hard during summer holiday.
    We let the car ride for the sake of experiment.

  6. If you want to get a programming job, you learn how to program.
    You can tell your team what you want them to build,
    He would like us to design for a blind adult who will be using a physical alarm clock at home.
    Google prefers to hire new college graduates.
    You would prefer companies see your company or your school first.

  7. She decided to leave the party early
    He plans to travel to Sanandaj

    I need to study for my new work projects

    I want to improve my public speaking skills

    He offered to assist with the project

    I prefer to eat a light dinner instead of a heavy one

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