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طراحی تمرین و سوال زبان انگلیسی به کمک chatGPT

بسیاری از اوقات، chatGPT جوابهای کلی یا حتی بی ربط به ما خواهد داد.

در واقع اگر هنر و مهارت پرامپت نوشتن حرفه‌ای را نداشته باشیم، غالباً جوابهای بدی خواهیم گرفت و همین باعث خواهد شد که کم کم chatGPT یا هر ابزار مشابهی را کنار بگذاریم یا آن را تبدیل به بخشی از روتین روزانه خود برای انجام کارها نکنیم.

برای مثال چنین پرامپتی، جواب مطلوبی به ما نخواهد داد. پرامپت بالا را مقایسه کنید با این پرامپت:

یک پرامپت ساختارمند و کارآمد

Vocabulary Exercise Creation for Various English Levels

Introduction

  • YOU ARE an ENGLISH TEACHER with expertise in designing vocabulary exercises for different levels of English learners.

(Context: “Your role is crucial in helping students enhance their vocabulary skills through diverse and engaging exercises.”)

Task Description

  • YOUR TASK is to CREATE ۲۰ vocabulary exercises for each of the following words at their respective levels:
  • “Clothes” at A1 level
  • “Before” at A2 level
  • “Cattle” at B1 level
  • “Provided (that)” at B2 level

(Context: “These exercises will aid learners in mastering essential vocabulary at various levels.”)

Action Steps

Exercise Development

  • DESIGN an even distribution of exercises across the following formats:
    • Multiple-choice questions
    • Fill in the blanks
    • Sentence completion

(Context: “Diverse exercise formats will ensure comprehensive understanding and application of the vocabulary words.”)

Word Distribution

  • ENSURE each word is covered by an equal number of exercises across all question formats.

Randomization

  • RANDOMIZE the order of exercises for each word to maintain variety and challenge for the learners.

(Context: “Randomization helps prevent predictability and keeps learners engaged.”)

Answer Key

  • PROVIDE a comprehensive answer key at the end of the exercises for each word.

(Context: “A well-structured answer key will facilitate self-assessment and learning.”)

Goals and Constraints

  • ENSURE the exercises are GENERAL and THEME-FREE, focusing solely on vocabulary without specific contexts.
  • YOU MUST AVOID repetitive patterns in the exercises to maintain learner interest.

(Context: “Engaging and varied exercises enhance retention and application of vocabulary.”)

Outcome Expectations

  • DELIVER a set of 20 vocabulary exercises with an answer key for each of the specified words.

(Context: “The exercises should effectively support learners in expanding their vocabulary skills.”)

IMPORTANT

  • “Your expertise in crafting these exercises will significantly impact the learners’ vocabulary development. Let’s aim for excellence!”
  • “Remember, varied and engaging exercises can make a substantial difference in language learning. Let’s make it happen!”

EXAMPLES of required response

A1 Level – “Clothes”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. Which of the following is an item of clothing?
  • A. Apple
  • B. Shirt
  • C. Car
  • D. Tree
  1. You wear a _ to keep your head warm.
  • A. Hat
  • B. Shoe
  • C. Table
  • D. Book

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. I need to buy a new pair of _.
  • (Answer: shoes)
  1. She put on her _ because it was cold outside.
  • (Answer: jacket)

Sentence Completion:

  1. When it’s raining, I wear my _ to stay dry.
  • (Answer: raincoat)
  1. In the summer, I like to wear _ because they are comfortable.
  • (Answer: shorts)

A2 Level – “Before”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. I usually eat breakfast _ I go to school.
  • A. before
  • B. after
  • C. during
  • D. between
  1. She always brushes her teeth _ going to bed.
  • A. after
  • B. before
  • C. while
  • D. during

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. Please finish your homework _ you watch TV.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. They arrived at the party _ everyone else.
  • (Answer: before)

Sentence Completion:

  1. I like to review my notes _ the exam starts.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. He had to wait _ he could enter the room.
  • (Answer: before)

B1 Level – “Cattle”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. Cattle are commonly raised for their _.
  • A. wool
  • B. milk
  • C. feathers
  • D. scales
  1. A person who takes care of cattle is called a _.
  • A. teacher
  • B. doctor
  • C. farmer
  • D. driver

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. The _ grazed peacefully in the field.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. Cattle farming is an important part of _ agriculture.
  • (Answer: livestock)

Sentence Completion:

  1. The rancher checked on his _ every morning.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. They bought more _ to expand their farm.
  • (Answer: cattle)

B2 Level – “Provided (that)”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. You can go to the party _ you finish your homework.
  • A. unless
  • B. provided that
  • C. despite
  • D. although
  1. They will lend us the money _ we agree to their terms.
  • A. until
  • B. provided that
  • C. while
  • D. since

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. You can borrow my car _ you return it by 6 PM.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. We will go hiking tomorrow, _ it doesn’t rain.
  • (Answer: provided that)

Sentence Completion:

  1. She will help you with the project _ you ask her politely.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. They will stay in the team _ they perform well.
  • (Answer: provided that)

این پرامپت در ۱-۲ دقیقه جوابی به ما خواهد داد که شاید یک معلم زبان باید ۱-۲ روز برای آن وقت بگذارد.

خروجی پرامپت بالا

A1 Level – “Clothes”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. Which of the following is an item of clothing?
  • A. Apple
  • B. Shirt
  • C. Car
  • D. Tree
  1. You wear a _ to keep your head warm.
  • A. Hat
  • B. Shoe
  • C. Table
  • D. Book
  1. Which item do you wear on your feet?
  • A. Gloves
  • B. Socks
  • C. Hat
  • D. Scarf
  1. You wear a _ to go swimming.
  • A. T-shirt
  • B. Swimsuit
  • C. Coat
  • D. Boots
  1. A _ is worn around the neck.
  • A. Belt
  • B. Scarf
  • C. Glove
  • D. Hat

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. I need to buy a new pair of _.
  • (Answer: shoes)
  1. She put on her _ because it was cold outside.
  • (Answer: jacket)
  1. He forgot his _ at home and had to buy a new one.
  • (Answer: hat)
  1. My favorite _ is the one with the blue stripes.
  • (Answer: shirt)
  1. In winter, I wear a _ to keep my hands warm.
  • (Answer: glove)

Sentence Completion:

  1. When it’s raining, I wear my _ to stay dry.
  • (Answer: raincoat)
  1. In the summer, I like to wear _ because they are comfortable.
  • (Answer: shorts)
  1. She always wears her favorite _ to the party.
  • (Answer: dress)
  1. He bought a new _ for the wedding.
  • (Answer: suit)
  1. Before going outside, don’t forget to put on your _.
  • (Answer: shoes)

A2 Level – “Before”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. I usually eat breakfast _ I go to school.
  • A. before
  • B. after
  • C. during
  • D. between
  1. She always brushes her teeth _ going to bed.
  • A. after
  • B. before
  • C. while
  • D. during
  1. He arrived at the station _ the train left.
  • A. before
  • B. after
  • C. while
  • D. during
  1. Finish your work _ you leave the office.
  • A. after
  • B. before
  • C. while
  • D. during
  1. Call me _ you arrive.
  • A. after
  • B. before
  • C. during
  • D. between

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. Please finish your homework _ you watch TV.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. They arrived at the party _ everyone else.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. I need to speak with him _ he leaves.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. She always takes a shower _ breakfast.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. The dog ran away _ we could catch it.
  • (Answer: before)

Sentence Completion:

  1. I like to review my notes _ the exam starts.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. He had to wait _ he could enter the room.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. We need to complete the project _ the deadline.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. She left the house _ it started raining.
  • (Answer: before)
  1. The meeting will be held _ lunch.
  • (Answer: before)

B1 Level – “Cattle”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. Cattle are commonly raised for their _.
  • A. wool
  • B. milk
  • C. feathers
  • D. scales
  1. A person who takes care of cattle is called a _.
  • A. teacher
  • B. doctor
  • C. farmer
  • D. driver
  1. Cattle are usually found on a _.
  • A. beach
  • B. farm
  • C. city
  • D. forest
  1. The sound that cattle make is called _.
  • A. barking
  • B. mooing
  • C. chirping
  • D. roaring
  1. Cattle are kept in a _.
  • A. kennel
  • B. pen
  • C. hive
  • D. aquarium

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. The _ grazed peacefully in the field.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. Cattle farming is an important part of _ agriculture.
  • (Answer: livestock)
  1. They bought a new _ to feed their cattle.
  • (Answer: barn)
  1. The farmer counted his _ at the end of the day.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. Cattle provide us with _ and _.
  • (Answer: milk, meat)

Sentence Completion:

  1. The rancher checked on his _ every morning.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. They bought more _ to expand their farm.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. The _ were moved to a new pasture.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. Raising _ requires a lot of land and resources.
  • (Answer: cattle)
  1. She learned how to milk the _ at the farm.
  • (Answer: cattle)

B2 Level – “Provided (that)”

Multiple-Choice Questions:

  1. You can go to the party _ you finish your homework.
  • A. unless
  • B. provided that
  • C. despite
  • D. although
  1. They will lend us the money _ we agree to their terms.
  • A. until
  • B. provided that
  • C. while
  • D. since
  1. He will pass the exam _ he studies hard.
  • A. unless
  • B. provided that
  • C. even if
  • D. despite
  1. You can join the club _ you pay the membership fee.
  • A. unless
  • B. provided that
  • C. since
  • D. despite
  1. We will go on a trip _ the weather is good.
  • A. unless
  • B. provided that
  • C. despite
  • D. although

Fill in the Blanks:

  1. You can borrow my car _ you return it by 6 PM.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. We will go hiking tomorrow, _ it doesn’t rain.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. He will help you with your homework _ you ask him nicely.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. The company will hire you _ you meet all the qualifications.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. They will stay late _ they finish the project.
  • (Answer: provided that)

Sentence Completion:

  1. She will help you with the project _ you ask her politely.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. They will stay in the team _ they perform well.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. He agreed to come _ he could leave early.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. The event will take place _ enough people register.
  • (Answer: provided that)
  1. You will receive a bonus _ you meet your targets.
  • (Answer: provided that)

اجازه بدهید به این بهانه در مورد طراحی تمرینات یادگیری زمان برای موضوعی که تازه یاد گرفته‌ایم، بپردازیم.

فرض کنید اخیراً در دوره زبان فلوئنت، یک قاعده گرامری جدید یاد گرفته‌ایم:

Really good friends

حالا قصد داریم خودمان را محک بزنیم: با جواب دادن به تعدادی سوال.

بیایید به کمک chatGPT در کمتر از یک دقیقه، تعدادی سوال برای این درس طراحی کنیم.

به کمک پرامپتی که در درس زیر یاد گرفتیم، به chatGPT می‌گوییم که این درس را بخواند.

استخراج محتوای کتاب انگلیسی با chatGPT

اما به جای کتاب، لینک این درس را از سایت IranFluent داخل پرامپت می‌گذاریم:

همانطور که می‌بینیم، لینک را بررسی کرد و برای ما توضیح داد که این لینک درباره چیست.

سوال جاخالی

حالا از او می‌خواهیم که تعدادی تمرین جاخالی (fill-in-the-blank exercise) برای ما طراحی کند.

Create a fill-in-the-blank exercise based on the information in the link provided above.

سوالات جالب و استانداردی را در جواب این پرامپت خواهیم دید که می‌توانیم به آنها جواب هم بدهیم:

برای آنکه جواب‌های ما را بررسی کند، باید این را به او تفهیم کنیم:

 Once I have submitted my responses, evaluate them and provide feedback.

الان منتظر جواب ماست. اجازه بدهید سوال اول را جواب دهیم و ارزیابی و بازخورد آن را ببینیم:

خوشبختانه chatGPT آنقدر هوشمند است که بداند ۱ اشاره دارد به سوال اول.

توضیحات تکمیلی آن به پاسخ درست خودمان را هم می‌توانیم بخوانیم. اجازه بدهید سوال بعدی را اشتباه جواب دهیم:

می‌بینیم که یک کلمه را جا انداخته‌ایم: قیدی مانند very را.

سوال تستی و چند گزینه‌ای:

برای طراحی سوالات چند گزینه‌ای هم عین پروسه بالا عمل می‌کنیم اما مشخص می‌کنیم که نوع این سوالات باید multiple-choice questions باشد.

Create a multiple-choice questions based on the information in the link provided above.

هر تغییری در آن خواستیم، می‌توانیم در پرامپت بعدی آن را گوشزد کنیم. برای مثال می‌توانیم بگوییم که جواب را قید نکن: but do not include the answers

اجازه بدهید از این دو سوال، یکی را درست و دیگری را اشتباه پاسخ دهیم:

با خواندن ارزیابی و بازخوردی که به ما می‌دهد، می‌توانیم ایراد خودمان را رفع کنیم.

سوالات تعاملی

شاید مفیدتر این باشد که chatGPT از من یک سوال بپرسد، بعد منتظر پاسخ من بماند.

اگر جوابم اشتباه بود، بازخورد بدهد و جواب من را اصلاح کند.

اگر جوابم درست بود، سوال بعدی را بپرسید.

Create an interactive quiz based on the information provided in the link above. Ask me a multiple-choice question, and I will respond. If I get it wrong, provide me with the correct answer and an explanation. Then, provide me with a new question.

اگر آیکون بلندگو را بزنیم، متن سوال خوانده می‌شود؛ انگار که واقعاً یک نفر انگلیسی زبان دارد به صورت شفاهی از من سوال می‌پرسد.

به جوابهای من هم طبق آنچه در پرامپت بالا گفتیم، واکنش نشان می‌دهد و سراغ سوال بعد می‌رود:

تمرین

برای یکی از درسهایی که اخیراً خوانده‌اید، تعدادی تمرین ایجاد کنید و پاسخ دهید. شرح آنچه انجام دادید را کامنت کنید.

پاسخ‌ها

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *

  1. سلام من لینک این درس رو می‌ذارم
    و این پرامپت رو هم بهش میدم ولی جواب درستی نمی‌گیرم. آیا احتمال داره بخاطر اینکه سایت پرایوت هست باشه؟

    Extract this document to a plain text and then read the document and tell me all the pieces of information that it is requesting.

    https://my.iranfluent.com/hang-out-with-me/

    1. سلام
      نه این لینک ها پابلیک هستن
      علتش ورژنی هست که استفاده میکنی به نظرم. ورژن ۳.۵ لینک رو بررسی نمیکنه. باید متن اون لینک رو خودت کپی کنی بهش بدی

  2. سلام من برای درس hang out with me
    انجام دادم
    Extract this document to a plain text and then read the document and tell me all the pieces of information that it is requesting. https://my.iranfluent.com/hang-out-with-me/
    این اولین پرامپت بود
    بعد این پرامپت رو دادم
    Create a fill-in-the-blank exercise based on the information in the link provided above.
    که برام پنج سوال با پنج فریزال ورب
    متفاوت نوشت
    بعد این رو نوشتم
    Once I have submitted my responses, evaluate them and provide feedback.
    و یک سوال رو جواب درست دادم که گفت برای بقیه هم جوابت رو بده.
    Create a multiple-choice questions based on the information in the link provided above. but do not include the answers
    بعد این پرامپت رو دادم با و بدون جوابها که برام سوال چند گزینه‌ای نوشت.
    این پرامپت بعدی بود
    Create a multiple-choice questions based on the information in the link provided above. Present each question in a table format with each option in a separate column, but do not include the answers. Use examples to illustrate the format, not a template.
    که سوال و گزینه ها رو تو یک جدول برام نوشت
    دو تا رو جواب دادم ولی یکی غلط این جوابش بود
    Here are your answers included in the table format with the corresponding questions and options:
    You provided the following responses:

    B) Call off
    A) To destroy
    Let’s proceed to check the remaining questions. Please provide your answers for questions 3, 4, and 5:
    و بعد گفت تو تعداد سوال محدودی می‌تونستی بپرسی و الان دیگه نمی‌تونی سوالی بپرسی.

  3. خوب چطور سطح رو بهش بگیم؟
    یا ازش بخوایم چند مدل سوال همزمان طراحی کنه مثلا هم جای خالی و هم چند گزینه‌ای ؟ و همینطور سوال قبلیم که لیست کلمات بهش بدیم و بخوایم برامون طبق اون سوال طراحی کنه به صورت رندم؟
    یا سوال برای تشخیص تفاوت دوتا زمان مثلا حال ساده و حال ساده استمراری

    1. ۱- گرامری که بهش دادیم سطحش مشخصه.
      همچنین در درس مربوط به Role Prompting یا بعضی درسهای دیگه اینکه سطح خودمون رو میگفتیم.
      پرامپتش اونجا هست.
      ۲- برای سوالهای ترکیبی هم پرامپتهای بالا رو میتونیم ترکیب کنیم. البته در کل گام به گام باهاش کار کنیم بهتره. وقتی در یک پرامپت چند کار ازش میخوایم، دقتش به شدت پایین میاد
      ۳- مواردی که پرسیدی دو سه حالتن. صدها مورد اینطوری داریم. برای هر کدوم کمی پرامپت رو باید تغییر بدیم. مثلا موضوع رو بهش بگیم. ما در این درس لینک دادیم. خودش اون رو بررسی میکنه. به تدریج حالتهای مختلف رو اضافه میکنیم به دوره

ثبت گزارش
 
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